The Secrets to Creating Eye-Catching Patterns in Art

Art is a form of expression that has been around for centuries. From cave paintings to modern digital art, humans have always been drawn to creating and admiring beautiful and visually appealing works of art. One aspect of art that has always captured our attention is patterns. Whether it’s in the intricate designs of a Persian rug or the bold geometric shapes in a modern painting, patterns have the power to captivate and mesmerize us. But what makes a pattern truly eye-catching? In this article, we will explore the secrets to creating eye-catching patterns in art.

The Psychology of Patterns

Before we dive into the secrets of creating eye-catching patterns, it’s important to understand the psychology behind patterns and why they have such a powerful effect on us. According to research, patterns have a profound impact on our brains and emotions. They can evoke feelings of calmness, excitement, and even nostalgia. This is because patterns are a fundamental part of our visual perception and are deeply ingrained in our evolutionary history.

Our brains are wired to recognize and seek out patterns as a way to make sense of the world around us. This is why we are naturally drawn to patterns in art, as they provide a sense of order and structure. Additionally, patterns can also trigger memories and emotions, making them a powerful tool for artists to convey a message or tell a story through their work.

The Elements of a Eye-Catching Pattern

Now that we understand the psychology behind patterns, let’s take a closer look at the elements that make a pattern truly eye-catching. These elements can be broken down into three main categories: color, shape, and composition.


Color is one of the most important elements of a pattern. It has the power to evoke emotions, create contrast, and add depth to a design. When it comes to creating eye-catching patterns, it’s important to understand the color wheel and how different colors interact with each other.

Complementary colors, which are opposite each other on the color wheel, create a strong contrast and can make a pattern stand out. For example, the combination of red and green in a pattern can create a bold and eye-catching design. On the other hand, analogous colors, which are next to each other on the color wheel, create a more harmonious and soothing effect. This can be seen in patterns that use shades of blue and green, which are often associated with nature and tranquility.

Another important aspect of using color in patterns is to consider the color temperature. Warm colors, such as red, orange, and yellow, tend to stand out and grab our attention, while cool colors, such as blue, green, and purple, have a more calming effect. By understanding the psychology of color, artists can use it to their advantage and create eye-catching patterns that evoke the desired emotions in the viewer.


The shape of a pattern is another crucial element that can make it eye-catching. Geometric shapes, such as squares, triangles, and circles, are often used in patterns to create a sense of order and symmetry. These shapes can also be combined and repeated to create more complex and visually appealing designs.

On the other hand, organic shapes, which are found in nature, can add a sense of movement and fluidity to a pattern. These shapes can be seen in patterns inspired by plants, animals, and other natural elements. By using a combination of geometric and organic shapes, artists can create dynamic and eye-catching patterns that capture the viewer’s attention.


The composition of a pattern refers to how the elements are arranged and organized within the design. A well-composed pattern should have a balance of positive and negative space, as well as a sense of rhythm and repetition.

Positive space refers to the main elements of the pattern, while negative space is the empty space around them. By balancing these two elements, artists can create a sense of harmony and prevent the pattern from feeling too cluttered or overwhelming. Additionally, using repetition and rhythm in a pattern can create a sense of movement and flow, making it more visually appealing.

Examples of Eye-Catching Patterns in Art

Now that we have explored the elements that make a pattern eye-catching, let’s take a look at some examples of patterns in art that have captured our attention and stood the test of time.

The Fibonacci Sequence in Art

The Fibonacci sequence is a mathematical pattern that is found in nature and has been used in art for centuries. It is a sequence of numbers where each number is the sum of the two numbers before it (1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, etc.). This sequence can be seen in the spiral patterns of seashells, the branching of trees, and even in the proportions of the human body.

Artists have used the Fibonacci sequence to create visually appealing patterns in their work. One famous example is Leonardo da Vinci’s “Vitruvian Man,” which uses the proportions of the human body based on the Fibonacci sequence. This pattern not only creates a visually striking design but also has a deeper meaning and connection to nature.

The Art of Islamic Geometric Patterns

Islamic art is known for its intricate and mesmerizing geometric patterns. These patterns are created using a compass and a ruler, and they often feature a combination of geometric and organic shapes. The repetition and symmetry in these patterns create a sense of harmony and balance, making them truly eye-catching.

One example of Islamic geometric patterns can be seen in the Alhambra Palace in Spain. The walls and ceilings of this palace are adorned with intricate patterns that have been carefully crafted to create a sense of awe and wonder in the viewer. These patterns not only serve as decorative elements but also have a deeper spiritual meaning in Islamic culture.

The Role of Technology in Creating Eye-Catching Patterns

In today’s digital age, technology has opened up a whole new world of possibilities for artists to create eye-catching patterns. With the use of software and digital tools, artists can experiment with different colors, shapes, and compositions to create patterns that were once impossible to achieve by hand.

One example of this is the work of digital artist Andy Gilmore. He uses mathematical algorithms and computer software to create mesmerizing patterns that are both complex and visually appealing. His work has been featured in galleries and museums around the world, showcasing the endless possibilities of technology in creating eye-catching patterns.

Incorporating Patterns in Your Own Art

Now that we have explored the secrets to creating eye-catching patterns, you may be wondering how you can incorporate them into your own art. Here are a few tips to get you started:

  • Experiment with different color combinations and see how they interact with each other.
  • Play with different shapes and see how they can be combined and repeated to create interesting patterns.
  • Consider the composition of your pattern and how you can balance positive and negative space.
  • Look to nature and other forms of art for inspiration.
  • Don’t be afraid to use technology to enhance your patterns and take them to the next level.


In conclusion, patterns have a powerful effect on our brains and emotions, making them a crucial element in creating eye-catching art. By understanding the psychology behind patterns and the elements that make them visually appealing, artists can create patterns that not only capture our attention but also evoke emotions and tell a story. With the use of technology, the possibilities for creating eye-catching patterns are endless, and we can’t wait to see what the future holds for this fascinating aspect of art.