How to Draw the Basic Outline of a Human Face

Drawing a human face can seem like a daunting task, especially for beginners. However, with the right techniques and practice, anyone can learn how to draw a basic outline of a human face. Whether you are an aspiring artist or just looking to improve your drawing skills, this article will provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to draw a basic human face. So, let’s get started!

Understanding the Basic Proportions of a Human Face

Before we dive into the actual drawing process, it is essential to understand the basic proportions of a human face. This will help you create a more realistic and accurate drawing. The human face can be divided into three equal parts: the forehead, the nose, and the chin. The distance between the hairline and the eyebrows is approximately the same as the distance between the eyebrows and the bottom of the nose. Similarly, the distance between the bottom of the nose and the chin is the same as the distance between the chin and the bottom of the face.

Additionally, the width of the face is usually equal to five eyes. This means that if you draw a line from the inner corner of one eye to the other, the width of the face should be the same. These proportions may vary slightly from person to person, but they serve as a good guideline for drawing a basic human face.

Gathering the Necessary Materials

Before you start drawing, make sure you have all the necessary materials. You will need a pencil, eraser, paper, and a reference image of a human face. It is always helpful to have a reference image to guide you through the drawing process. You can use a photograph or a drawing of a human face as a reference.

Step-by-Step Guide to Drawing a Basic Human Face

Now that you have a basic understanding of the proportions and have gathered all the necessary materials, let’s dive into the step-by-step process of drawing a basic human face.

Step 1: Draw a Circle

Start by drawing a circle in the middle of your paper. This will serve as the basic shape of the head. Make sure the circle is not too big or too small, as it will determine the size of the face.

Step 2: Divide the Circle into Three Equal Parts

Using the proportions mentioned earlier, divide the circle into three equal parts using horizontal lines. The top line will represent the hairline, the middle line will be the eyebrows, and the bottom line will be the bottom of the nose.

Step 3: Add the Eyes

Draw two almond-shaped eyes on the middle line, slightly above the halfway point of the circle. Make sure the eyes are evenly spaced and are the same size. You can use the width of the circle as a guide for the size of the eyes.

Step 4: Draw the Nose

On the bottom line, draw a small triangle for the nose. The bottom of the triangle should be slightly above the bottom of the circle. You can also add a small curve at the bottom of the triangle to make the nose more realistic.

Step 5: Add the Mouth

Draw a small curve for the mouth just below the nose. The corners of the mouth should align with the inner corners of the eyes. You can also add a small line in the middle of the mouth to represent the lips.

Step 6: Draw the Ears

On either side of the head, draw two small curves for the ears. The top of the ears should align with the eyebrows, and the bottom should align with the bottom of the nose.

Step 7: Add the Hairline

Using the top line as a guide, draw the hairline above the circle. You can make the hairline as simple or as detailed as you like, depending on the style you want to achieve.

Step 8: Add Details to the Face

Now that you have the basic outline of the face, you can start adding details to make it more realistic. You can add eyebrows, eyelashes, and shading to the eyes to make them stand out. You can also add more definition to the nose and lips by adding shading and small details.

Tips for Drawing a Realistic Human Face

Here are some additional tips that can help you draw a more realistic human face:

  • Pay attention to the direction of the light source and add shading accordingly to create depth and dimension.
  • Use different pencil grades to create different shades and textures.
  • Practice drawing different facial expressions to improve your skills.
  • Study the features of different faces and try to replicate them in your drawings.
  • Don’t be afraid to make mistakes. Drawing is all about trial and error, so keep practicing and don’t get discouraged.

Case Study: The Importance of Practice

Drawing a human face may seem challenging at first, but with practice, you can improve your skills and create more realistic drawings. A great example of this is the work of artist Kelvin Okafor. Okafor is a self-taught artist who specializes in hyper-realistic portraits. He started drawing at a young age and spent hours practicing and perfecting his skills. Today, his drawings are so realistic that they are often mistaken for photographs.

This goes to show that with dedication and practice, anyone can learn how to draw a realistic human face.

Conclusion

Drawing a human face can be a challenging task, but with the right techniques and practice, it is achievable. By understanding the basic proportions of a human face and following a step-by-step process, you can create a basic outline of a human face. Remember to use a reference image and pay attention to details to make your drawing more realistic. With time and practice, you can improve your skills and create more detailed and accurate drawings. So, grab your pencil and paper, and start drawing!